9th Infantry Division, U.S. Army Divisions of World War II

 
Name:9th
Type:Infantry
Nickname:The Varsity
Source:Regular Army
Theater: Mediterranean & European
Activation Date:01 Aug 40
Date Sent Overseas:8 Nov 42 (North Africa)
Date Entered Combat:8 Nov 42 (North Africa)
Days of Combat:304
Casualties:23,277
Status June 1946:active Germany
Other Wars:Vietnam
Commanding General(s): Maj. Gen. Jacob L. Devers    (Oct 40 - Jul 41)
Maj. Gen. Rene E. DeR. Hoyle    (Aug 41 - Jul 42)
Maj. Gen. Manton S. Eddy    (Aug 42 - Aug 44)
Maj. Gen. Louis A. Craig    (Aug 44 - May 45)
Brig. Gen. Jesse A. Ladd    (May 45 - Feb 46)
 
Campaign(s): Algeria-French Morocco    (8 Nov 42 - 11 Nov 42)
Tunisia    (17 Nov 42 - 13 May 43)
Sicily    (9 Jul - 17 Aug 43)
Normandy    (6 Jun 44 - 24 Jul 44)
Northern France    (25 Jul 44 - 14 Sep 44)
Rhineland    (15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45)
Ardennes-Alsace    (16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45)
Central Europe    (22 Mar 45 - 11 May 45)

Brief History:
The 9th Infantry Division saw its first combat in the North African invasion, 8 November 1942, when its elements landed at Algiers, Safi, and Port Lyautey. With the collapse of French resistance, 11 November 1942, the Division patrolled the Spanish Moroccan border. The 9th returned to Tunisia in February and engaged in small defensive actions and patrol activity. On 28 March 1943 it launched an attack in southern Tunisia and fought its way north into Bizerte, 7 May. In August the 9th landed at Palermo, Sicily, and took part in the capture of Randazzo and Messina. After returning to England for further training, the Division hit Utah Beach on 10 June 1944 (D plus 4) , cut off the Cotentin Peninsula, drove on to Cherbourg and penetrated the port's heavy defenses. After a brief rest in July, the Division took part in the St. Lo break-through and in August helped close the Falaise Gap. Turning east, the 9th crossed the Marne, 28 August, swept through Saarlautern, and in November and December held defensive positions from Monschau to Losheim. Moving north to Bergrath, Germany, it launched an attack toward the Roer, 10 December, taking Echtz and Schlich. From mid-December through January 1945, the Division held defensive positions from Kalterherberg to Elsenborn. On 30 Jannary the Division jumped off from Monschau in a drive across the Roer and to Rhine, crossing at Remagen, 7 March. After breaking out of the Remagen bridgehead, the 9th assisted in the sealing and clearing of the Ruhr Pocket, then moved 150 miles east to Nordhausen and attacked in the Harz Mountains, 14-20 April. On 21 April the Division relieved the 3d Armored along the Mulde River, near Dessau, and held that line until VE-day.

Notes:
Activation date is the date the division was activated or inducted into federal service (national guard units).
Casualties are number of killed, wounded in action, captured, and missing.
Other Wars are the wars in which the division was mobilized.
The dates after the campaign name are the dates of the campaign not of the division.

Sources: The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States; , U.S. Government Printing Office. Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report, 1 December 1941 - 31 December 1946.