8th Infantry Division, U.S. Army Divisions of World War II

 
Name:8th
Type:Infantry
Nickname:Golden Arrow
Source:Regular Army
Theater: European
Activation Date:01 Jul 40
Date Sent Overseas:15 Dec 43 (Ireland)
Date Entered Combat:8 Jul 44 (Normandy)
Days of Combat:266
Casualties:13,986
Status June 1946:inactivated 20 Nov 45
Other Wars:WW I
Commanding General(s): Maj. Gen. Philip B. Peyton    (Jun 40 - Dec 40)
Maj. Gen. James P. Marley    (Dec 40 - Feb 41)
Maj. Gen. William E. Shedd    (Feb 41 - Feb 41)
Maj. Gen. Henry Terrell, Jr.    (Mar 41 - Mar 41)
Maj. Gen. James P. Marley    (Apr 41 - Jul 42)
Maj. Gen. Paul E. Peabody    (Aug 42 - Jan 43)
Maj. Gen. William C. McMahon    (Feb 43 - Jul 44)
Maj. Gen. Donald A. Stroh    (Jul 44 - Dec 44)
Maj. Gen. William G. Weaver    (Dec 44 - Feb 45)
Maj. Gen. Bryant E. Moore    (Feb 45 - Nov 45)
 
Campaign(s): Normandy    (6 Jun 44 - 24 Jul 44)
Northern France    (25 Jul 44 - 14 Sep 44)
Rhineland    (15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45)
Central Europe    (22 Mar 45 - 11 May 45)

Brief History:
After training in Ireland the 8th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, Normandy, 4 July 1944, and entered combat on the 7th. Fighting through the hedgerows, it crossed the Ay River, 26 July, pushed through Rennes, 8 August, and attacked Brest in September. The Crozon Peninsula was cleared, 19 September, and the Division drove across France to Luxembourg, moved to the Hurtgen Forest, 20 November, cleared Hurtgen on the 28th and Brandenburg, 3 December, and pushed on to the Roer. That river was crossed on 23 February 1945, Duren taken on the 25th and the Erft Canal crossed on the 28th. The 8th reached the Rhine near Rodenkirchen, 7 March, and maintained positions along the river near Koln. On 6 April the Division attacked northwest to aid in the destruction of enemy forces in the Ruhr Pocket, and by the 17th had completed its mission. After security duty, the Division, under operational control of the British Second Army, drove across the Elbe, 1 May, and penetrated to Schwerin when the war in Europe ended.

Notes:
Activation date is the date the division was activated or inducted into federal service (national guard units).
Casualties are number of killed, wounded in action, captured, and missing.
Other Wars are the wars in which the division was mobilized.
The dates after the campaign name are the dates of the campaign not of the division.

Sources: The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States; , U.S. Government Printing Office. Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report, 1 December 1941 - 31 December 1946.