5th Infantry Division, U.S. Army Divisions of World War II

Nickname:Red Diamond
Source:Regular Army
Theater: European
Activation Date:16 Oct 39
Date Sent Overseas:11 May 42 (Iceland/UK)
Date Entered Combat:16 Nov 44 (Normandy)
Days of Combat:270
Status June 1946:active Camp Campbell, Kentucky
Other Wars:WW I, Vietnam
Commanding General(s): Brig. Gen. Campbell B. Hodges    (Oct 37 - Sep 40)
Maj. Gen. Joseph M. Cummins    (Sep 40 - Jul 41)
Maj. Gen. Charles H. Bonesteel    (Jul 41 - Aug 41)
Maj. Gen. Cortlandt Parker    (Aug 41 - Jun 43)
Maj. Gen. Stafford L. Irwin    (Jun 43 - Apr 45)
Maj. Gen. Albert E. Brown    (Apr 45 - Jun 46)
Campaign(s): Normandy    (6 Jun 44 - 24 Jul 44)
Northern France    (25 Jul 44 - 14 Sep 44)
Rhineland    (15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45)
Rhineland    (15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45)
Central Europe    (22 Mar 45 - 11 May 45)

Brief History:
The 5th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, 9 July 1944 and 4 days later took up defensive positions in the vicinity of Caumont. Launching a successful attack at Vidouville 26 July, the Division drove on southeast of St. Lo, attacked and captured Angers, 9-10 August, pushed across the Seine at Fontainebleau, 23 August, and across the Marne to seize Reims, 30 August, and positions east of Verdun. The Division then prepared for the assault on Metz. In midSeptember a bridgehead was established and secured across the Moselle, south of Metz, in the face of very heavy opposition. First attempts to take the fortress failed, 16 September-16 October 1944, and the Division withdrew, returning to the assault on 9. November. Metz was reduced after a heavy, 10-day battle. The Division crossed the German border, 4 December, captured Lauterbach on the 5th, and elements reached the west bank of the Saar, 6 December, before the Division moved to assembly areas. On the 16th of December the Germans launched their winter offensive, and on the 18th the 5th was thrown in against the southern flank of the Bulge, helping to reduce it by the end of January 1945. In February and March, the Division drove across and northeast of the Sauer, cracked through the Siegfried Line, reached and crossed the Rhine, 22 March, and continued on to Frankfurt-am-Main, clearing and policing the town and its environs, 27-29 March. In April the Division took part in clearing the Ruhr Pocket and then drove across the Czechoslovak border, 1 May, reaching Volary and Vimpeck as the war in Europe ended.

Activation date is the date the division was activated or inducted into federal service (national guard units).
Casualties are number of killed, wounded in action, captured, and missing.
Other Wars are the wars in which the division was mobilized.
The dates after the campaign name are the dates of the campaign not of the division.

Sources: The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States; , U.S. Government Printing Office. Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report, 1 December 1941 - 31 December 1946.