4th Infantry Division, U.S. Army Divisions of World War II

  Nickname: Ivy

Ivy nickname came from the Roman numeral for the number 4 IV.

Date
Activated
Date
Sent Overseas
Date
Entered Combat
Days of
Combat
Casualties
01 Jun 40 26 Jan 44
England
6 Jun 44
D-Day
299 22,660
What part of the Army:Regular Army
Theater(s) served in: European
Status as of June 1946:inactivated 12 Mar 46
Other Wars:WW I, Vietnam, Iraq
Commanding General(s): Maj. Gen. Walter E. Prosser    (Jun 40 - Oct 40)
Maj. Gen. Lloyd R. Fredendall    (Oct 40 - Jul 41)
Maj. Gen. Oscar W. Griswold    (Aug 41 - Sep 41)
Maj. Gen. Harold R. Bull    (Oct 41 - Nov 41)
Maj. Gen. Terry de la Mesa Allen    (Dec 41 - Dec 41)
Maj. Gen. Fred C. Wallace    (Jan 42 - Jun 42)
Maj. Gen. Raymond 0. Barton    (Jul 42 - Dec 44)
Maj. Gen. Harold W. Blakeley    (Dec 44 - Oct 45)
Campaign(s): Normandy    (6 Jun 44 - 24 Jul 44)
Northern France    (25 Jul 44 - 14 Sep 44)
Rhineland    (15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45)
Ardennes-Alsace    (16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45)
Central Europe    (22 Mar 45 - 11 May 45)

Brief History:
The 8th Infantry Regiment of the 4th Division was one of the first Allied units to hit the beaches at Normandy on D-day, 6 June 1944. Relieving the isolated 82d Airborne Division at Ste. Mere Eglise, the 4th cleared the Cotentin peninsula and took part in the capture of Cherbourg, 25 June. After taking part in the fighting near Periers, 6-12 July,, the Division broke through the left flank of the German Seventh Army, helped stem the German drive toward Avranches, and by the end of August had moved to Paris, assisting the French in the liberation of their capital. The 4th then moved into Belgium through Houffalize to attack the Siegfried Line at Schnee Eifel, 14 September, and made several penetrations. Slow progress into Germany continued in October, and by 6 November the Division reached the Hurtgen Forest, where a severe engagement took place until early December. It then shifted to Luxembourg, only to meet the German winter offensive head-on, 16 December 1944. Although its lines were dented, it managed to hold the Germans at Dickweiler and Osweiler, and, counterattacking in January across the Sauer, overran German positions in Fouhren and Vianden. Halted at the Prum in February by heavy enemy resistance, the Division finally crossed 28 February near Olzheim, and raced on across the Kyll, 7 March. After a short rest, the 4th moved across the Rhine 29 March at Worms, attacked and secured Wurzburg and by 3 April had established a bridgehead across the Main at Ochsenfurt. Speeding southeast across Bavaria, the Division had reached Miesbach on the Isar, 2 May 1945, when it was relieved and placed on occupation duty.

Notes:
Activation date is the date the division was activated or inducted into federal service (national guard units).
Casualties are number of killed, wounded in action, captured, and missing.
Other Wars are the wars in which the division was mobilized.
The dates after the campaign name are the dates of the campaign not of the division.

Sources:
The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States; , U.S. Government Printing Office. Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report, 1 December 1941 - 31 December 1946.
US Army Center of Military History at http://www.history.army.mil/
Various divisional histories