3rd Infantry Division, U.S. Army Divisions of World War II

 
Name:3rd
Type:Infantry
Nickname:Rock of the Marne
Source:Regular Army
Theater: Mediterranean & European
Activation Date:12 Nov 17
Date Sent Overseas:8 Nov 42 (North Africa)
Date Entered Combat:8 Nov 42 (North Africa)
Days of Combat:531
Casualties:25,977
Status June 1946:active Gerrmany
Other Wars:WW I, Korea, Iraq
Commanding General(s): Maj. Gen. Charles F. Thompson    (Jul 40 - Aug 41)
Brig. Gen. Charles P. Hall    (Aug 41 - Sep 41)
Maj. Gen. John P. Lucas    (Sep 41 - Mar 42)
Maj. Gen. Jonathan W. Anderson    (Mar 42 - Mar 43)
Maj. Gen. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr.    (Mar 43 - Feb 44)
Maj. Gen. John W. O'Daniel    (Feb 44 - Dec 45)
Maj. Gen. William R. Schmidt    (Jul 45 - Aug 46)
 
Campaign(s): Tunisia    (17 Nov 42 - 13 May 43)
Sicily    (9 Jul - 17 Aug 43)
Naples-Foggia    (9 Sep 43 - 21 Jan 44)
Anzio    (22 Jan 44 - 24 May 44)
Rome-Arno    (22 Jan 44 - 9 Sep 44)
Southern France    (15 Aug 44 - 14 Sep 44)
Rhineland    (15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45)
Central Europe    (22 Mar 45 - 11 May 45)

Brief History:
The 3d Division is the only American Division which fought the Nazi on all fronts. The Division first saw action in the North African invasion, landing at Fedala, 8 November 1942, and capturing half of French Morocco. On 10 July 1943, the Division made an assault landing on Sicily, fought its way into Palermo before the armor could get there, and raced on to capture Messina, thus ending the Sicilian campaign. Nine days after the Italian invasion, 18 September 1943, the 3d landed at Salerno and in intensive action drove to and across the Volturno and to Cassino. After a brief rest, the Division was ordered to hit the beaches at Anzio, 22 January 1944, where for 4 months it maintained its toe-hold against furious German counterattacks. On 29 February 1944, the 3d fought off an attack by three German Divisions. In May the Division broke out of the beachhead and drove on to Rome, and then went into training for the invasion of Southern France. On 15 August 1944, another D-day, the Division landed at St. Tropez, advanced up the Rhone Valley, through the Vosges Mountains, and reached the Rhine at Strasbourg, 26-27 November. After maintaining defensive positions it took part in clearing the Colmar Pocket, 23 January18 February 1945, and on 15 March struck against Siegfried Line positions south of Zweibrucken. The Division smashed through the defenses and crossed the Rhine, 26 March 1945 ; then drove on to take Nurnberg in a fierce battle, capturing the city in block-by-block fighting, 17-20 April. The 3d pushed on to take Augsburg and Munich, 27-30 April, and was in the vicinity of Salzburg when the war in Europe ended.

Notes:
Activation date is the date the division was activated or inducted into federal service (national guard units).
Casualties are number of killed, wounded in action, captured, and missing.
Other Wars are the wars in which the division was mobilized.
The dates after the campaign name are the dates of the campaign not of the division.

Sources: The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States; , U.S. Government Printing Office. Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report, 1 December 1941 - 31 December 1946.